A good letter of recommendation can serve as evidence of a job applicant’s experience and skills. A poor letter of recommendation can put a screeching halt to their career.
If you’ve been asked by a former coworker or colleague to write a letter of recommendation, learn how to make the most of every word with our guide.
1. Discuss and gather
Once you accept the task of constructing a letter of recommendation, don’t dive into writing just yet. You’ll need to conduct some research. Schedule a quick conversation with the requestor to learn more about:
The answers to these questions will help you learn more about the job itself and why the requestor believes they’re qualified. Also, knowing whether they’re passionate about the opportunity will help you craft a letter that shows equal enthusiasm.
Make sure you also get some basic information, like who the letter should be addressed to and their email address, or how you’re expected to submit the letter.
2. Write and walk
There’s no one-size-fits-all template for a letter of recommendation. But there are a few key sections yours should include. Below we break down the most important sections to focus on, along with a couple brief examples.
Introduce the candidate
Start your letter with enthusiasm and praise as you introduce the requestor.
Explain your relationship
Establish your relationship with the candidate, both past and present if necessary.
Showcase their qualifications
Use specific examples to show you have experience with the candidate.
Close with intent
Summarize your main points and finish on a strong note.
A few notes on writing a great recommendation letter
The average job opening attracts 250 resumes. Be professional when writing a letter of recommendation, but don’t be afraid to inject a little personality into your letter. Your letter should be true and authentic, but also memorable.
Once your rough draft is complete, put some space between you and the document. While a letter of recommendation often has a pressing deadline, walking away for even a couple hours will make it easier to proofread and finalize your draft.
3. Finalize and present
Once you’ve taken a final look for clarity and grammar, send your letter. While letters of recommendation should be formatted like a traditional mailed document, many recruiters accept digital formats.
If you want to send a copy to the requestor, that’s fine. But keep in mind that they shouldn’t have a say in the content of the letter. In most situations, it’s best to keep the content of the letter between you and the recruiter.
What to do if you can’t write a positive letter of recommendation
Sometimes, it doesn’t feel right to write a letter of recommendation for someone. Whether you just don’t know them well enough or you don’t feel right recommending them for a certain job, you have the right to decline a request. After all, your reputation is on the line with any signed document.
How to politely decline
When declining a request, take the sandwich approach. Start and finish with a positive sentence, sandwiching your refusal in between.
Or, you might say:
Become a letter of recommendation queen
Writing a letter of recommendation can be a rewarding experience. Break down the letter into smaller and approachable sections, infuse it with a bit of personality, and you’ll be doing your part to positively influence the career of someone important in your life.